Envisioning a carbon removal strategy for Europe

Carbon Gap's recommendations for a dedicated EU CDR Strategy

Carbon Gap offers 18 actionable policy recommendations for how the EU could support carbon removal over the next thirty years as part of an EU carbon dioxide removal (CDR) strategy. The recommendations are spread across four key “pillars” that should be pursued collectively to deliver effective and just CDR: creating fair and inclusive governance, prioritising research, development and innovation, introducing dedicated deployment incentives. The recommendations provided under each of these pillars would help grow the pool of potential CDR methods, test the viability of scaling promising, yet high-cost methods, and…

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Soil horizons: unearthing perspectives on the future of soil carbon governance


Europe faces an interconnected biodiversity, climate and soil crisis with debates looming as to how best to reverse worrying land trends. Overall, EU soils are emitting carbon and most of the EU’s land is degraded. The agricultural sector faces both social and economic issues that threaten the survival of smaller farms. Some stakeholders advocate for more regulation, whereas others vouch for a market-oriented approach. With the upcoming EU elections and ongoing discussions on key legislations such as the Soil Monitoring Law and the Carbon Removal Certification Framework, soil carbon and…

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How to avoid carbon removal delaying emissions reductions


In some cases, using, or planning to use carbon removal may risk delaying or stopping emissions reductions. Such cases are commonly referred to as ‘mitigation deterrence’ or ‘moral hazard’. Much of the literature on this topic tends to remain theoretical, seeking to understand if and when this happens. This discussion paper is an effort to take the conversation to a practical level, giving clear suggestions for how countries and companies can manage such risks depending on why carbon removal is used and by whom. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change…

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Who pays for net zero?

Holding the oil and gas sector accountable in the EU’s Net Zero Industry Act

As the climate crisis escalates, the EU Net Zero Industry Act (NZIA) offers momentum to accelerate EU climate action and foster the deployment of critical net zero technologies to reach climate neutrality by 2050. The NZIA includes some key provisions for the development of CO2 storage sites across Europe, the lack of which represents one of the main bottlenecks for the scale up of carbon management technologies (including CDR). Article 18 of the proposal in particular has the potential to set a paradigm-shifting precedent that holds oil and gas producers…

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Strengthening net zero claims

The missing piece in the EU legislative puzzle
Carbon Gap brief on strengthening green claims

Strengthening net zero claims is imperative for avoiding greenwashing. The European Climate Law provides a foundation for future EU climate policy, by committing member states to the EU-wide 2050 climate neutrality objective and the pursuit of negative emissions thereafter. Although the Climate Law defines what climate neutrality is at the EU level, and the Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Regulation highlights the role of land-based removals in achieving it, current EU law does not define what constitutes ”net zero” or ”climate neutral” at an organisational or company level, nor…

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The low-carbon label

A French approach to improving the voluntary market for emissions reductions and removals

Aspects of France’s low-carbon labelling system, its official certification scheme for emissions reductions and carbon removal, offers some design advantages and learnings that may serve to build EU’s approach to certifying carbon removal (CRCF), as well as for other EU countries when creating, or revising, their own schemes. In this context, our new policy brief looks at how the labelling system works, what impact it has had since launch in 2018 and which features could serve as a model for developing certification schemes in the EU and other countries.  The low-carbon label…

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Thought-leading Webinar and Report Launch – Bridging the Ambition Gap

A framework for scaling corporate funds for carbon removal and wider climate action.

Co-authored by Robert Höglund, Climate Advisor at Marginal Carbon AB and Milkywire, and Eli Mitchell-Larson, Chief Science & Advocacy Officer and Co-Founder at Carbon Gap, this report presents a framework for defining and quantifying the ambition gap between companies’ ‘ability to pay’ for external climate solutions like carbon removal and the commitments that are actually made. The ‘ability to pay’ for external climate projects is dependent both on a company’s profits per ton emitted and the investment required for its internal emissions reduction efforts. We analyse a sample of the…

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New White Paper Published: A Guide to Certifying Carbon Removal.

Our white paper with policy suggestions for carbon removal certification

Carbon Gap welcomes the European Commission’s forthcoming proposal to launch a Carbon Removal Certification Framework (CRCF) for Europe, which could help catalyse global scaling of high-quality carbon removals. This White Paper sets out a vision for how such a certification framework should be formed. Alongside emission reductions and adaptation to climate change, carbon dioxide removal (CDR) is a critical third pillar of climate action. CDR includes a wide array of methods, from incorporating carbon into our built environment and long-lived products, to reimagining land management to optimise for carbon absorption,…

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Understanding Carbon Dioxide Removal (EN) & L’élimination du carbone atmospherique (FR)

Carbon Gap is working with partners to bring carbon removal content to other languages

Carbon dioxide removal is an emerging and fast-moving field, with few sources of high-quality information tailored for policymakers and other stakeholders in individual countries. Addressing this knowledge gap is one of Carbon Gap’s core missions, and we are pleased to announce the release of Understanding Carbon Dioxide Removal (French title: L’élimination du carbone atmospherique), a collaboration between Carbon Gap, Zenon Research, and Mines Paristech, to develop French-language carbon removal content that will serve to inform and inspire future commitments to carbon removal by the French government. The six-page brief provides…

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